Penang Tropical City

How to build in a tropical city?
How to build a tropical city?

The question of ‘tropical modernity’ has long haunted (south-east Asian) architects – until today it still is discussed on the level of natural climatization and window shades instead of urban activities and potential…

How to mix the typical mix?

How to realize large quantities of program (gross floor area to maximize profits) of the ever-same ingredients (housing, offices, hotels, retail…) while generating an arguable scheme – for the city, the inhabitants, and ultimately the environment? How to guarantee the qualities not only for each single piece but create an attractive, larger whole? How to not isolate a development, but intertwine it with its surroundings in a symbiotic relationship?